Annex A-Group Research Proposal (Science)

RESEARCH PROPOSAL
YEAR TWO INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH STUDIES

TASK: COMPLETE THIS AND SUBMIT BY T1W5

Research Topic : Effect of active carbon layer on the turbidity of pond water collected in the SST eco-pond.

Chosen Area of Focus: How the many layers of carbon filters affect the water turbidity.

Group Members’ Names:
a) Luke Alexander Nair
b) Oo Kai Cheng
c) Chua Chester
d) Ng Wei Han Ryan

1.Statement of problem (framing our research topic):

According to Christiana Z., P. (2014, February 4). Where we get our fresh water. Retrieved from http://ed.ted.com/lessons/where-we-get-our-fresh-water-christiana-z-peppard
around 97.5% of the earth’s water is oceans, making the remaining 2.5% fresh water which is used to sustain human lives on earth. The 2.5% of fresh water is broken down into different parts, surface water, polar regions and ground water. 0.3% of the freshwater is surface water which is all fresh water that is above the ground. 70% of the earth’s freshwater is the polar ice caps which is not available for human use. The remaining 30% of freshwater is groundwater, groundwater is easier to obtain then frozen water and more reliable than surface water. Due to industrialization, there is an increasing amount of water usage. Agriculture uses 70% of our freshwater. Therefore, with this limited amount of water, it is not enough for future usage and we need to find more ways to filter the unusable 97.5% of the earths water to sustain the earth in the future. 
Other reasons we protect water and trying to get more ways to obtain water are:
Prevent deforestation and destruction of grasslands – nature’s water filters
Restore forests and grasslands that have already been lost or damaged and sending erosion into our waters
Equip farmers with practical ways to keep harmful run-off out of our waters
Restore floodplains that act as sponges and send water down into groundwater supplies and filter pollution out of rivers
Create new science that helps pinpoint the greatest threats to our waters and the most effective ways to combat them
(Source:
The Nature , C. (2014, February 4). Water protecting clean water for people and nature. Retrieved from http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/habitats/riverslakes/protecting-clean-water-for-people-and-nature.xml)

2. Research Objectives
We hope to find out how many layers of active carbon is the best get water of the safest turbidity according to World Health Organisation(W.H.O) standards. We plan to separate active carbon into many layers, we can then collect water from the SST Eco-pond. We will pour the water through the different layers of filters of active carbon to filter them. We plan to use a turbidity sensor to find out the turbidity of the water after coming through the different layers of filters. We will then decide if the water is of safe turbidity according to the World Health Organisation(W.H.O) standards.

3. Literature Review (Brief summary of at least 3 sources that you have consulted with reference to your research topic) 

The three sources that we have consulted are Christiana Z., P. (2014, February 4). Where we get our fresh water . Retrieved from http://ed.ted.com/lessons/where-we-get-our-fresh-water-christiana-z-peppard, 
The Nature , C. (2014, February 4). Water protecting clean water for people and nature. Retrieved from http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/habitats/riverslakes/protecting-clean-water-for-people-and-nature.xml
 and Lab , Q. (2014, February 25). Turbidity . Retrieved from https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?cid=1163607CEAA6DB22&resid=1163607CEAA6DB22!1275&app=WordPdf&authkey=!ADRZGDQOIKRxbG0&wdo=1
with reference to our research topic. The first source tells us that with this limited amount of water, it is not enough for future usage and we need to find more ways to filter the unusable 97.5% of the earths water to sustain the earth in the future.

Around 97.5% of the earth’s water is oceans, making the remaining 2.5% fresh water which is used to sustain human lives on earth.

The 2.5% of fresh water is broken down into different parts, surface water, polar regions and ground water.

The remaining 30% of freshwater is groundwater, groundwater is easier to obtain then frozen water and more reliable than surface water.

0.3% of the freshwater is surface water which is all fresh water that is above the ground.

The second source tells us how to use turbidity sensor and what turbidity is all about and the effect of high levels of turbidity and the standard for drinking water.



4. Proposed Hypothesis

Our hypothesis is that the the more layers used for the active carbon, the cleaner the water is and the lower the turbidity of the water. The reason is because when there are more layers of the activated carbon, the water will be filtered several times, this will make filtration more effective because the other filters can pick up any chemicals which get through the filters beforehand.

5. Research Plan (Describe how you intend to design your research i.e. who/what you are going to research on, how many respondents, your study area/location etc)

We plan to test water from the SST eco-pond to measure the turbidity when different layers of active carbon is used.We will have one with zero layers and use that as a control.We will measure the amount of turbidity in the pond water. After we run the water through different layers of active carbon,we will use a turbidity sensor to measure the turbidity of the water.Then according to W.H.O standards,we will find out how many layers are required to get water of safe turbidity.

6. Analysis of data

Using a turbidity sensor,we plan to measure the turbidity of the water after running it through active carbon of different layers.We will measure it 2 times then take the average. Then we will compare the data in a suitable graph to try and recognise the trend to see if we can come up with a valid conclusion.

7. Research Schedule


T1
TASK TO BE COMPLETED
Remarks
W4
Research Proposal

W5
Experimentation/Data collection

W6
Data analysis

W7
Drawing Conclusion

W8
Report writing

W9
Presentation Preparation

W10
Submit Report

T2


W1
Presentation

W2
Insight and reflection



8. Overall assessment on feasibility and manageability of the research (justify why your research can be managed and results be achieved within the time-frame)


First, we will collate data using research from the internet and cite the sources. The rest of our timetable is not yet decided, but once we plan it out we will follow it strictly. It will be feasible as we can access the school pond easily to test the filters and it is convenient for us to test it. We will be able to complete the task on time as we don’t have to conduct any interview or surveys that require time to wait for responses and collate the data.


REFERENCES

Christiana Z., P. (2014, February 4). Where we get our fresh water . Retrieved from http://ed.ted.com/lessons/where-we-get-our-fresh-water-christiana-z-peppard, 

The Nature , C. (2014, February 4). Water protecting clean water for people and nature. Retrieved from http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/habitats/riverslakes/protecting-clean-water-for-people-and-nature.xml

Lab , Q. (2014, February 25). Turbidity . Retrieved from https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?cid=1163607CEAA6DB22&resid=1163607CEAA6DB22!1275&app=WordPdf&authkey=!ADRZGDQOIKRxbG0&wdo=1




No comments:

Post a Comment